Determination in Secondary language Learning

 Motivation in Second Language Learning Essay

Keeley Alvarez LG227: Second Language Learning Assignment 2: Determination and L2 Learning UP: 16/03/2012-01: 02: 06 WM: 16/03/2012-01: 02: 18 M: LG227-5-FY A: 11a2 R: 1003600 C: FCFD7C01F07C19DE4FCFB1F2C59A2C5B2D7C79E6

1 ) Introduction The first a part of this article will discuss the definition of ‘motivation, ' according to second language learning, delving into the issues with regards to the subject and also highlighting mindset strategies and techniques. I will research in to two studies based on determination and L2 learning and discuss those inside reference to all their proposed theories, their study approach, strategies and proof. I will then simply analyse a collection of Diary info, discussing the motivation in the L2 learner, before taking into consideration how my own observations could possibly be useful for study regarding L2 motivation. 2 . Inspiration 2 . 1 What is motivation? A general statement of secondary language learners depicts that; although some L2 students may be next identical developmental paths, all their levels of success may vary considerably from one person to the next. These types of variations have led to become argued by social individuals who have determined, that the reason for these varied learning results is due to ‘individual learner differences. ' These kinds of differences had been categorised in to two teams according to Gardner and MacIntyre's (1992, 1993) interpretations of the most significant learner characteristics; one group being ‘cognitive' which features the learners' natural features such as intelligence, learner tactics and dialect ‘aptitude. ' Contrastingly, you will find the ‘affective' (emotional) group which include more unpredictable, uncertain, changing factors such as attitudes, terminology anxiety and willingness to communicate, specifically, ‘motivation. ' 2 . two The Socio-educational Model Motivation was explained by Gardner and MacIntyre (1993 s. 2) as defined simply by three key components: ‘the desire to acquire a goal, the effort extended in this direction as well as the satisfaction with a new concept. ' Gardner devised the ‘Socio-educational Model' comprising from the following portions; External Impact on, Individual Dissimilarities, Language Buy Contexts, and Outcomes. The first section, External Influences is in mention of the any aspect which may affect language learning, and is also divided into two sub classes; history and motivators. History range from any earlier experiences which may encircle social centre, including friends and family background and types of ethnic upbringing which might enhance or perhaps hinder the learners' motivation for learning. For example , a learner who also comes from a bi-lingual household may be more likely to appreciate the value of learning new 'languages', in contrast to somebody who comes from a mono-lingual household, who might not appreciate dialects as much. Shifting onto the next section in Gardner's Socio-educational Model; Individual Differences is usually comprised of two variables that have a direct have an effect on on determination; Integrativeness, and Attitudes toward the learning Situation. The former includes the following three scopes; a positive outlook for the L2 loudspeakers, general attraction to international languages with low level of ethnocentricism and endorsement of motives to find out the L2 in relation to connection with L2 members (Ortega 2009). In Gardner's version (2001), an example of the " highest level of integrativeness” was demonstrated within a letter, written by someone who was living in Asia. The page

Keeley Alvarez LG227: Second Language Learning Task 2: Motivation and L2 Learning UP: 16/03/2012-01: 02: 06 WM: 16/03/2012-01: 02: 18 M: LG227-5-FY A: 11a2 R: 1003600 C: FCFD7C01F07C19DE4FCFB1F2C59A2C5B2D7C79E6

depicted that; however the author was not Japanese, neither did that they hold a Japanese passport, they assumed themselves to be Japanese on the " sub-conscious level. ” This was due to the fact that they employed the Japanese dialect in their task, watched Japan TV, examine Japanese papers, owned a Japanese car and furthermore, they without conscious thought said...

Recommendations: 1 . Csikszentmihalyi. 1990: Literacy and Intrinsic Motivation, p115 2 . Dörnyei and Csizér. 1998: Five Commandments pertaining to Motivating Language Learners: results of an empirical study, Language Instructing Research, volume. 2, several: pp. 203-229. 3. Dörnyei, Z. 2001: Teaching and researching motivation. Motivation and motivating the 4. Dörnyei and Ottó. 1998: Inspiration in action: A process model of L2 motivation. Schematic

foreign language class 5, p117-139

representation in the Process Model of L2 Determination, p48 5. Gardner, L. C. 2001: Language Learning Determination: The Student, the Teacher, as well as the Researcher. The Social-Cultural Type of Language Acquisition: p4-10

6. Gardner, Ur. C. and MacIntyre, L. D. 1992: A scholar's contributions to second language learning. Part We: cognitive variables. Language Instructing: 25, p211-220 7. Gardner, R. C. and MacIntyre, P. M. 1993: A student's advantages to second language learning. Part II: efficient variables. Vocabulary Teaching: dua puluh enam, p1-11 almost 8. Hadfield, T. 1992. Class Dynamics, Oxford: Oxford School Press: p134 9. Ortega, L. 2009. Understanding Secondary language Acquisition, Hodder Education: p171 10. Veenman, S. 1984: Perceived challenges of starting teachers. Report on Educational

Study: 54, p143-178

ACC 291 Learning Staff Final Composition

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